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研究成果

中長期避難收容場所整體配置規劃及組合屋設計研究

計畫主持人: 王安強
協同主持人: 陳澤修
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組別: 工程技術組
執行方式: 協同研究
關鍵詞: 組合屋、臨時房屋、活動板房、応急仮設住宅
參考文獻:

中文摘要


臺灣四面環海並位於環太平洋地震帶屬亞熱帶國家,因此風災與地震的威脅層出不窮,從災後經驗傳承與回饋角度,檢視災害相關安置政策確有其必要性。以大規模災害發生後之時間序列與所對應之避難空間而言,依序可分為:緊急避難、臨時避難、短期避難收容及中長期收容場所。本研究將以近年國內重大天災後之中長期收容場所為研究目標,探討大規模住宅損毀後災民安置收容場所之相關配置規劃,調查國內現行組合屋建材使用類別以及組合屋圖說案例分析,檢視過往組合屋設計上之優缺點,設計出適合國內之「中長期避難組合屋」。

本研究目前以輕型鋼構作為結構建材選用,對於「結構體」方面如整地基礎、結構系統皆有考量;而對於「非結構體」之建築性能如熱性能、隔音性能、遮陽採光及通風防火上的問題,亦有檢視民眾遇到之問題以及相關法規上之規定來做組合屋整體配置上最佳化處理改善。

本研究之收容場所社區配置規劃及組合屋標準圖說、發包策略皆擬訂完善,予以分析後將從「中長期避難收容場所」、「組合屋設計規劃」、「組合屋發包策略」三大項目作為結論重點,以利後續研究單位於相關領域上之規畫管理參考。



英文摘要


Taiwan is surrounded by the sea and located in the Circum-Pacific seismic zone, so the threat of wind disasters and earthquakes are endless.  From the feedback of disaster experience, it is necessary to examine the resettlement policy after disaster. In terms of the time series after the occurrence of large-scale disasters, the shelter can be divided into emergency shelter, temporary shelter, short-term shelter and long-term shelter. The object of this study will focus on the allocation plans for resettlement of long-term shelters after disasters which cause residential damage in Taiwan.  This study collects the literature on domestic and foreign shelter portfolios to analysis the building materials and graphic design to each other. We examine the advantages and disadvantages of past portfolio design, and design a long-term shelter suitable for domestic use.

The present case is based on light steel as the structural building materials. For the "structural" aspects such as structural system, beam column system, foundation are considered on the overall planning; and for "non-structural" aspects such as thermal performance, sound insulation performance, sunshade and ventilation and fire prevention are also considered according to feedback from past experience. At present, the standard diagram of long-term shelter has been roughly drafted. The research team will prepare the performance specification and construction contracts of long-term shelter to help procurement of demonstration model of the long-term shelter. It is hoped that the government can quickly establish a long-term shelter by a rule after the disaster in the future.