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研究成果

綠建築、綠建材及智慧建築標章資訊揭露

計畫主持人: 王婉芝
協同主持人: 柯文立、李明賢、陳文洲
執行單位: 財團法人台灣建築中心
執行期程:
GPN:
ISBN:
MOIS:
組別: 環境控制組
執行方式: 業務委託
關鍵詞: 綠建築、綠建材、智慧建築
參考文獻:

中文摘要


自1992年「地球環境高峰會議」以來,環境保護議題成為各國關注的焦點,國際社會也展開了追求永續發展(Sustainable Development)的實際行動,陸續致力於環境永續政策,在人類居住環境的改善並與自然生態的共榮共存、積極提倡綠色都市、永續城市、溫室氣體減量等,都具體實踐永續發展之理念。

台灣除了法制化工作,在相關環境議題的響應上也不落人後,2001至 2007年推動之「綠建築推動方案」,將環境永續徹底落實在營造建築物上,在公有新建建築物管制綠建築設計、舊有建築物辦理綠廳舍改善、空調及建築物外殼節能改善、再生建材技術研發及推廣產製、綠建材標章制度、推廣綠建築觀念、綠建築國際接軌、推動綠建築法令分階段全面實施等,期塑造國內建築、投資業界之新風潮,鼓勵業者以人類永續生存為訴求,用全面性、多元化的設計理念、使用幫助地球環境永續之建築為目標,俾達到生態、節能、減廢、健康、再生與高性能等目的,減輕對地球環境的衝擊與資源之浪費。

政府為賡續執行綠建築政策,2008年起頒佈施行「生態城市綠建築推動方案」,訂定公有建築物需先取得「綠建築標章」,始得辦理結算驗收;2009年7月1日起「建築技術規則」中訂定室內裝修總面積,綠建材使用率需增加至30%,2012年7月1日再度提升至45%以上,內政部特於2010年起推動指定綠建築、綠建材及智慧建築標章評定專業機構,符合前開標章之「評定專業機構申請指定作業要點」規定之機構,皆能辦理綠建築、綠建材及智慧建築評定業務,另於2013年7月1日起訂定總造價2億以上之公有新建建築物需取得候選智慧建築證書及智慧建築標章,藉由各界資源參與公共事務,以擴大相關辦理業務、增加綠建築節能效益、綠建材的環保效益及智慧建築的便利性。

本年度計畫基於「永續智慧城市-智慧綠建築與社區推動方案」政策之推動,針對內政部認可通過之綠建築標章、綠建材標章及智慧建築標章案件,協助辦理綠建築標章暨候選綠建築證書、綠建材標章證書、智慧建築標章及候選智慧建築證書之製作,並彙整認可通過之綠建築標章及候選綠建築證書案件之案件數、指標數、節能節水、減碳效益、綠建材標章案件之案件數、廠商數及產品總數、智慧建築標章及候選智慧建築證書案件之案件數、指標數等,透過網站公告,期能擴大宣導民眾綠建築、綠建材及智慧建築之成效。



英文摘要


As the environmental protection issue had become the primary emphasis worldwide since the Earth Summit 1992, the international community has been taking a series of practical actions and successive policies in pursuing environmental sustainability. A variety of concepts related to green cities, sustainable cities, and GHG emission reduction, have been thus enthusiastically advocated and concretely put into practice for enhancing the human living environmental quality and achieving the co-existential harmony between the built environment and natural ecosystem.

Never lagging behind, Taiwan echoed such an urgent call for actions on environmental issues to not only conduct relevant institutionalization work but also promote the “Green Building Promotion Program” from 2001 and 2007 for thoroughly embedding sustainable design concepts into building construction. The program contained the mandatory green building design for newly-constructed buildings in the public sector, green building renovation for existing buildings, energy saving improvement for air-conditioning system and building envelope, research and development of recycled material technology and promotion, green building material labeling system, green building concept promotion and international interchange, as well as phased implementation of green building regulations. It was aimed to create a new evolution of building practices and investments in Taiwan and to encourage all the stakeholders to adopt holistic and diverse design concepts in buildings that are profitable to human living environment and earth sustainability, so that the goals of green building can be gradually achieved, covering ecological friendliness, energy saving, waste reduction, human health, reuse and recycling, and high performance. The impacts of building construction on earth environment and resources can be alleviated as well.

For continuously promoting the green building policy, the government of Taiwan implemented the follow-on “Eco-city and Green Building Promotion Program” in 2008 and strengthened the mandatory green building design via requiring the acquisition of a green building label prior to the official acceptance and auditing process. In addition, effective since July 1, 2009, the percentage of green building material utilization in the Building Technical Regulations has been elevated to 30% of total floor area for interior finishing. July 1, 2013, the percentage of green building material utilization in the Building Technical Regulations has been elevated to 45% of total floor area for interior finishing. In order to meet the expected soaring growth of green building label and green building material label evaluation demand, the Ministry of the Interior (MOI) started to introduce designated professional organizations to conduct the evaluation process of green building label, green building material label, and intelligent building label. Any organization complying with the “Operational Directions for Applying for Professional Evaluation Organization” for individual labels described above can be designated by the MOI to take charge of the evaluation work. Besides, the newly-constructed publicly-owned building that the construction cost is above 200 million NTD is required to pass the mandatory intelligent building evaluation certification too, which has been effective since July 1, 2013. Through the participation of different stakeholders on these public affairs and the extension of the evaluation work, the environmental effects of building energy saving and green building material utilization and the convenience of intelligent building and its application can be further increased.

In 2017, following the preceding project last year, the project will be consecutively undertaken based on the “Intelligent Green Building Promotion Program”. In the project, the Taiwan Architecture and Building Center (TABC) will assist in green building evaluation for label and candidate certificate, intelligent building evaluation for label and candidate certificate, green building material label evaluation, plaque and certificate making, as well as statistical data collection and analysis, including: 1) numbers of green building labels, candidate certificates and evaluation indicators, 2) effects on energy saving, water saving, and carbon reduction, 3) numbers of green building material labels, companies and products, 4) numbers of intelligent building labels, candidate certificates and evaluation indicators, etc. The statistical information will be regularly announced on the website for extensively promoting green building, green building material, and intelligent building to the public.